Mohan Baidya: The Vanguard of Nepalese Maoism

Mohan Baidya: The Revolutionary Leader

Mohan Baidya, also known by his nom de guerre "Kiran," is a prominent figure in Nepalese politics, celebrated for his influential role in the country's Maoist movement. Born on November 4, 1953, in Taplejung District of Nepal, Baidya was drawn into political activism from a young age, driven by a fervent desire to challenge the status quo and advocate for the marginalized.

Mohan Baidya

Baidya's journey into revolutionary politics gained momentum during his student years at the Tribhuvan University in Kathmandu, where he actively participated in student protests and socialist movements. His ideological alignment with Maoism became evident as he embraced the principles of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, viewing armed struggle as a necessary means to dismantle existing power structures and establish a more equitable society.

In 1995, Baidya played a pivotal role in the formation of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), a radical faction committed to revolutionizing Nepal through armed insurgency. As one of the central leaders of the Maoist insurgency that began in 1996, he commanded widespread influence among the party's rank and file, advocating for a people's war against the monarchy and feudalism.

Throughout the decade-long conflict, Baidya emerged as a key strategist and ideologue, known for his unwavering commitment to Maoist principles and his role in shaping the party's military tactics and political direction. The insurgency, marked by its fierce battles and profound impact on Nepalese society, eventually led to the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic in 2008.

Post-conflict, Baidya continued to wield significant influence within the Maoist movement. His ideological stance often positioned him at odds with more moderate factions within the party, leading to internal rifts and eventually his split from the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) in 2012. Subsequently, he founded the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (Revolutionary), reaffirming his commitment to revolutionary socialism and criticizing what he perceived as deviations from Maoist principles.

Beyond his political endeavors, Baidya is recognized for his intellectual contributions to Marxist theory in Nepal, articulating a distinct interpretation of Maoism tailored to the country's socio-political context. His writings and speeches continue to shape debates on revolutionary strategy and socialist construction in Nepal.

Mohan Baidya, through his lifelong dedication to revolutionary ideals and unwavering commitment to social justice, remains a central figure in Nepalese politics. His legacy as a revolutionary leader and thinker underscores his enduring influence on the trajectory of Nepal's political landscape and the ongoing struggle for social transformation.